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Italian Indefinite Pronouns

Pronomi Indefiniti in Italian

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Like indefinite adjectives (aggettivi indefiniti), in Italian indefinite pronouns (pronomi indefiniti) refer in general (rather than specific) terms to persons, places, or things without specifying the noun which they replace.

Italian indefinite pronouns that can function as both pronouns and adjectives include:

  • The regular indefinite pronouns (gli indefiniti regolari), i.e., those that have both a singular and plural form as well as a masculine and feminine form.

alcuno—any
alquanto—somewhat
altro—more
certo—some
diverso—different
molto—very
parecchio—some
poco—little
taluno—someone
tanto—so
troppo—too
tutto—all
vario—various

Di questi vasi alcuni sono grandi, altri piccoli.
Some of these vessels are big, others are small.

Diversi lasciarono la scuola definitivamente.
Several left the school permanently.

Molti sono partiti subito, certi il martedì, solo pochi rimasero.
Many left immediately, some on Tuesday, and only a few remained.

Troppi parlano senza riflettere.
Too many (people) talk without thinking.

E non sa ancora tutto.
He (she) still does not know everything.

NOTE! The term tale/tali (such), which can function as both a pronoun and an adjective, only has a singular and plural form.

  • The indefinite pronouns that have only a singular form.

uno—a
ciascuno—each
nessuno—nobody, no one

Venne uno a darci la notizia.
Someone came to give us the news.

A ciascuno il suo.
To each his own.

Nessuno ha preparato la colazione.
No one has prepared the breakfast.

Italian indefinite pronouns that function only as pronouns include:

  • The indefinite invariable pronouns (gli indefiniti invariabili).

alcunché—anything
checché—whatever
chicchessia—anyone, anybody
chiunque—anyone
niente—nothing
nulla—nothing
qualcosa—something

Non c'è alcunché di vero in ciò che dici.
There is no truth in what you say.

Checché tu ne dica, farò come credo.
Whatever you may say (about it), I will do as I believe.

Non dirlo a chicchessia.
Do not tell anyone.

A chiunque mi cerchi, dite che tornerò domani.
If anyone is looking for me, tell them that I'll be back tomorrow.

Niente di tutto ciò è vero.
None of this is true.

Non serve a nulla gridare.
There is no use shouting.

Ha dimenticato di comprare qualcosa, ne sono sicuro!
He forgot to buy something, I'm sure!

  • The indefinite pronouns that have only a singular form.

ognuno—each
qualcuno—someone

Ognuno è responsabile di sé stesso.
Everyone is responsible for himself.

Qualcuno chiami un medico.
Someone call a doctor.

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