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Italian Language Lessons
Grammar, spelling, and usage

Italian Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense
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As you've probably figured out by now, if there's a congiuntivo presente, there's a congiuntivo passato (present perfect subjunctive). And like other verb tense formations, the congiuntivo passato is a compound tense formed with the congiuntivo presente of the auxiliary verb avere or essere and the past participle of the acting verb.

CONGIUNTIVO PASSATO OF THE VERBS AVERE AND ESSERE
PRONOUNAVEREESSERE
che ioabbia avutosia stato(-a)
che tuabbia avutosia stato(-a)
che lui/lei/Leiabbia avutosia stato(-a)
che noiabbiamo avutosiamo stati(-e)
che voiabbiate avutosiate stati(-e)
che loro/Loroabbiano avutosiano stati(-e)

Here are a few examples of the congiuntivo passato:

Credo che abbiano ripreso le discussioni. (I think they resumed discussions.)
Mi dispiace che abbia parlato così. (I'm sorry that he spoke that way.)
Siamo contenti che siano venuti. (We're glad they came.)
Non credo che siano andati in Italia. (I don't believe they went to Italy.)


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