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Italian Language Lessons
Grammar, spelling, and usage

Italian Formal Commands
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Need to tell your teacher, supervisor, or the Italian prime minister to do something? Use the subjunctive form of the verb to form the formal commands. The table below contains some examples of formal commands.

FORMAL COMMANDS
INFINITIVELEILORO
cantareCanti!Cantino!
dormireDorma!Dormano!
finireFinisca! Finiscano!
parlareParli!Parlino!
partireParta!Partano!
pulirePulisca!Puliscano!
scrivereScriva!Scrivano!
vendereVenda!Vendano!

Some of the verbs have irregular stem changes in the io form. Sometimes, this form is used to construct the imperatives of Lei and Loro.

FORMAL COMMANDS: VERBS WITH STEM CHANGES
INFINITIVEPRESENT-INDICATIVE FORM OF IOIMPERATIVE FORM OF LEIIMPERATIVE FORM OF LORO
andare (to walk)vadoVada!Vadano!
apparire (to appear)appaioAppaia!Appaiano!
bere (to drink)bevoBeva!Bevano!
cogliere (to pick, to pluck)colgoColga!Colgano!
dire (to say, to tell)dicoDica!Dicano!
fare (to make)faccioFaccia!Facciano!
porre (to place, to put down)pongoPonga!Pongano!
rimanere (to stay, to remain)rimangoRimanga!Rimangano!
salire (to climb)salgoSalga!Salgano!
scegliere (to choose, to pick)scelgoScelga!Scelgano!
sedere (to sit down)siedoSieda!Siedano!
suonare (to play a musical instrument)suonoSuoni!Suonino!
tradurre (to translate)traducoTraduca!Traducano!
trarre (to draw, to pull)traggoTragga!Traggano!
udire (to listen)odoOda!Odano!
uscire (to exit)escoEsca!Escano!
venire (to come)vengoVenga!Vengano!

Finally, some verbs have irregular formal command forms that are not based on any present-indicative forms, and which you will have to memorize. These verbs are listed below.

FORMAL COMMANDS: IRREGULAR VERBS
INFINITIVELEILORO
avereAbbia!Abbiano!
dareDia!Diano!
essereSia!Siano!
sapereSappia!Sappiano!
stareStia!Stiano

Note that the same form of the verb is used for the negative formal commands.


Italian Language Study Resources
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