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Italian Preposition Di
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The Italian preposition di means "of" in English. It is used in the following cases:

1. To indicate possession:

il libro di Maria (Maria's book)
la padella del cuoco (the cook's pan)
la casa dello zio (the uncle's house)

2. To indicate what an object is made of:

il tavolo di legno (wooden table)
la spada di metallo (metal knife)
la medaglia di bronzo (bronze medal)

3. To indicate origin using the verb essere + di + nome di città (name of the city):

Elisa è di Napoli. (Elisa is from Napoli.)
Maurizio è di Prato. (Maurizio is from Prato.)
I Rossi sono di Catania. (The Rossis are from Catania.)

4. The preposition di is used with certain verbs and adjectives:

Accorgersi di qualcosa (to notice something)
Innamorarsi di qualcuno (to be in love with someone)
Malato di una malattia (ill with a sickness)
Vergognarsi di qualcosa (to be ashamed by something)

5. The preposition di is found in many particular grammatical constructions:

di sera (during the evening)
di notte (at night)
d'estate (during the summer) un uomo di mezza età (a man of middle age)


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