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Italian Numbers
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You can place items in "order" with ordinal numbers. For instance, il primo is the first course on a menu and il secondo is the second course. Vittorio Emanuele III, who ruled the unified Italian nation from 1900 to 1946, was the third king with that name. Pope Paul V (1605-1621) was the fifth pope with the name Paul. When used with the numerical succession of kings, popes, and emperors, the ordinal numbers are capitalized:

Vittorio Emanuele Secondo (Vittorio Emanuele II)
Leone Nono (Leone IX)
Carlo Quinto (Carlo V)
diciottesimo secolo (eighteenth century)

ITALIAN ORDINAL NUMBERS
firstprimo
secondsecondo
thirdterzo
fourthquarto
fifthquinto
sixthsesto
seventhsettimo
eighthottavo
ninthnono
tenthdecimo
eleventhundicesimo
twelfthdodicesimo
thirteenthtredicesimo
fourteenthquattordicesimo
fifteenthquindicesimo
sixteenthsedicesimo
seventeenthdiciassettesimo
eighteenthdiciottesimo
nineteenthdiciannovesimo
twentiethventesimo
twenty-firstventunesimo
twenty-thirdventitreesimo
hundredthcentesimo
thousandthmillesimo
two thousandthduemillesimo
three thousandthtremillesimo
one millionthmilionesimo

Notice the regularity of ordinal numbers beginning with undicesimo—the suffix -esimo is added to the cardinal numbers by dropping the final vowel of the cardinal number. The one exception includes numbers ending in -tré. Those numbers drop their accent and are unchanged when -esimo is added. Since Italian ordinal numbers function as adjectives, they must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify: primo, prima, primi, prime.

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