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Grammar, spelling, and usage

Italian Pronunciation
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Stress / Accento Tonico
Usually, Italian words are stressed on the next–to–the–last syllable.

amicofriend
foglialeaf
MilanoMilan
nipotenephew
padrefather
parlareto speak
signorinaMiss
studiareto study
telefonareto telephone
uomoman

When the final –e is dropped from a word, as happens with some masculine titles when they are directly followed by a proper name, the position of the stress remains unchanged.

dottoredoctor
dottor NardiDoctor Nardi
professoreprofessor
professor Paceprofessor Pace

When words are stressed on the last vowel, they always have a written accent over that vowel.

cioènamely
cittàcity
perchèbecause
peròhowever
tassìtaxi
universitàuniversity
venerdìFriday
virtùvirtue

It is useful to remember that open e and o occur only in stressed syllables.

automobileautomobile
medicophysician
nobilenoble
telefonotelephone

Note: The written accent is used with a few monosyllables in order to distinguish them from others that have the same spelling but a different meaning.

gives
dafrom
èis
eand
there
lathe; it; her
nor
nesome
himself, herself
seif
yes
sioneself


Italian Language Study Resources
Language Lessons: Italian grammar, spelling, and usage.
Audio Phrasebook: Improve your pronunciation and build your vocabulary.
Workbook Exercises: Worksheets, drills, activities, and review.
Buon Divertimento: Italian jokes, riddles, and puns.
Italian Verbs: Formation, moods, tenses, and table of conjugations.
Study Guides: Challenge your skills and test your knowledge of various topics.
Audio Lab: Word of the day, survival phrases, ABC's, numbers, and conversation.

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